Treatments for Liver Failure
Vascular and Interventional Radiology offers multiple treatments for liver failure,including medical therapy, the TIPS procedure, and BRTO, both of which can be performed at an Illinois Adventist hospital.
There are many causes of liver failure and end stage liver disease, including alcohol-related liver disease, hepatitis, metastatic tumors, and environmental exposures to toxins. Over time, the liver can become scarred and develop cirrhosis. Cirrhosis can cause blood pressure to build up in the abdomen leading to bleeding or fluid accumulation in the abdomen (ascites).
The TIPS Procedure
If medical therapy fails to be an effective liver failure treatment, radiologists in Chicago perform a procedure called Transjugular Intrahepatic Portal-systemic Shunt (TIPS) can be performed. The traditional open surgical bypass has a 10-60 percent mortality (death risk). Procedure-related mortality due to TIPS procedures is rare.
This non-surgical treatment involves creating a bypass inside the liver using balloon angioplasty and stent-graft technology. X-ray guidance is used to find the correct vessels and to form a short pathway between them inside the liver. This relieves the high pressure in the veins and reverses the tendency for bleeding and fluid accumulation.
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